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Definitions and Acronyms

This list defines acronyms and abbreviations frequently used in connection with Energy Safety, including organisations that Energy Safety frequently interacts with and are commonly referred to by their abbreviation.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z


Accredited Auditor
As defined in both the Electricity (Safety) Regulations 2010 and the Gas (Safety and Measurement) Regulations 2010, accredited auditor means any of the following bodies:

  1. a body accredited by either of the following to assess an organisation's compliance with these regulations and safety management systems generally:
    (i) the Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand:
    (ii) a signatory to the International Accreditation Forum multilateral recognition arrangement for management systems:
  2. a body approved, by or under an international agreement between New Zealand and another country that does not have a national accreditation body that is a signatory to the International Accreditation Forum multilateral recognition arrangement for management systems, to assess an organisation's compliance with these regulations and safety management systems generally.

Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation. Its primary goal is to support sustainable economic growth and prosperity in the Asia-Pacific region.


Approved practitioner
A person approved by the Secretary to endorse small-production gas appliances.


General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (People's Republic of China). A ministerial administrative organ directly under the State Council of the People's Republic of China in charge of national quality, metrology, entry-exit commodity inspection, entry-exit health quarantine, entry-exit animal and plant quarantine, import-export food safely, certification and accreditation, standardization, as well as administrative law-enforcement.


Association of Southeast Asian Nations.

Joint Australian and New Zealand Standard.


A term used by Energy Safety to refer to a range of activities undertaken to assess the compliance and safety of works, installations, electrical and gas appliances or associated equipment under the Electricity Act 1992 and Gas Act 1992.


Authorised person
A person registered and licensed or otherwise entitled to carry out a given type of gas or electrical work.




Body Corporate
Bodies Corporate include (but are not limited to) organisations such as companies, incorporated societies and charitable trust boards.


Bureau of Standards Metrology and Inspection (Taiwan). A Government Regulatory Agency in Taiwan responsible for a wide range of product compliance issues, including safety and EMC.



Conformity Assessment Body. Conformity assessment is the process of deciding whether or not a product, service, process, system, person or body conforms to a standard and/or complies with relevant requirements in technical regulations or standards.


China Compulsory Certification. The CCC Mark is required for a wide range of manufactured products before being exported to, or sold in, the Peoples Republic of China market.


Consumer Guarantees Act 1993. The CGA provides that goods and services must meet certain guarantees when purchased for personal use.


Compressed Natural Gas. CNG is a fossil fuel used as a substitute for petrol or diesel in vehicles. It is sometimes used as a temporary natural gas supply while work is being carried out on a piped supply.


Certificate of Compliance (for completed electrical or gas work).
CoC means a certificate issued in respect of gasfitting or an installation on which prescribed electrical work has been done. The certificate is a statement made by an electrical worker or certifying gasfitter that the particular work meets with regulatory safety requirements.


Certificate of Verification. A CoV is provided upon completion of the periodic verification of an existing installation.


DBH (Ministry of Business, Employment and Innovation – Building Systems Performance group)
The Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE) provides overall leadership of the building sector and is the over-arching regulator. It works with a number of other agencies who help it do this. MBIE administers the Building Act 2004 and associated legislation, and manages the licensing for building practitioners and electrical workers.

MBIE manages the system that regulates building work and monitors its effectiveness. This includes reviewing the Building Code and producing documents to show ways to comply with it. MBIE also monitors the performance of district and city councils, and can investigate complaints.


Declaration of Conformity. A DoC may be provided or used in relation to:

  • The design of a low voltage electrical installation.
  • The conformity of an electricity revenue meter.
  • The conformity of a medium risk electrical declared article.


DoL (now WorkSafe New Zealand)
Department of Labour. DoL takes the lead role in relation to monitoring and enforcing worker and workplace safety, including accident investigation.

WorkSafe New Zealand was established in December 2013 as the nation’s workplace health and safety regulator. It aims to ensure everyone who goes to work comes home healthy and safe by providing health and safety advice and guidance to workplaces. WorkSafe New Zealand investigates fatalities and serious accidents and enforces legislation when needed.



Electrical Appliance Safety Review.


Electrical Code of Practice under the Electricity Act 1992. Also referred to as NZECP.


Electrical Engineers' Association. The EEA services the New Zealand electricity supply industry by providing leadership, expertise and information on technical, engineering and safety issues affecting the electricity industry.


Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority. EECA is the organisation set up by the New Zealand Government to encourage, support and promote energy efficiency, energy conservation, and the use of renewable sources of energy.


Electrical and Electronic Equipment.


Electrical Equipment Safety System is a Trans-Tasman system intended to integrate the safety regulations of electrical equipment.


Electrical and Gas Complaints Commission. The EGCC supports the Electricity and Gas Complaints commissioner by providing a free and independent complaint handling service for electricity and gas complaints.


Electricity Act
Electricity Act 1992.


Electricity Regulations or ESR
Electricity (Safety) Regulations 2010.


Electromagnetic Compatibility. EMC is the branch of electrical, electronic and radio sciences that deals with the generation of unwanted electromagnetic fields (electromagnetic interference (EMI)) and the susceptibility or immunity or equipment to the effects of EMI. Both EMI and immunity have international standards.


Electromagnetic Interference. See EMC.


Energy Networks Association (New Zealand). ENA represents the interests of companies that manage local electricity networks in New Zealand.


Electrical Regulatory Authorities Council (trans-Tasman). A forum of New Zealand and Australian state electricity safety regulators to coordinate activities and promote electrical safety.


Energy Safety. The New Zealand Government regulatory agency for gas and electrical safety. Part of WorkSafe New Zealand in the High Hazards & Specialist Services branch.


ESC - Electrical Safety Certificate
A ESC is a certificate issued after completion, including connection, of installation prescribed electrical work by the person who completed the work. The safety certificate is a statement that completed installation (or part installation) is safe to use.


Energy Safety Intelligence. Energy Safety's monitoring and enforcement IT system.


Electrical Safety Organisation. ESO is a membership organisation that promotes safety by running training courses.


Electrical Workers Licensing Group (within DBH).


Electrical Workers Registration Board. Established under the Electricity Act to promote safety for all New Zealanders by regulating the competency of electrical and electronic workers.




Fittings (Electricity)
Defined in the Electricity Act as everything used, or designed or intended for use, in or in connection with the generation, conversion, transformation, conveyance, or use of electricity.


Fittings (Gas)
Defined in the Gas Act as everything used, or designed or intended for use, in or in connection with the supply, distribution, compression, or use of gas.


Free Trade Agreement. A treaty or agreement between two or more countries or economies that facilitates trade between members for some or all goods without tariffs or other barriers.



Gas Association of New Zealand. GANZ represents companies and organisations in the gas sector involved in the transportation of gas and the supply of gas appliances.


Gas Act
Gas Act 1992.


Gas Regulations or GSMR
Gas (Safety and Measurement) Regulations 2010.


Gas Code of Practice made under the Gas Act. Also referred to as NZGCP.


Gas Equipment (Appliance) Suppliers. A group within GANZ that represents the interests of New Zealand gas appliance suppliers.


GSC - Gas Safety Certificate
A GSC is a certificate issued after completion, including connection, of gasfitting by the person who completed the work. The safety certificate is a statement that completed installation (or part installation) is safe to use.


Gas Technical Regulators Committee (trans-Tasman). A forum of New Zealand and Australian state gas safety regulators to coordinate activities and promote gas safety.




Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996.



International Accreditation New Zealand. IANZ is the national authority for the accreditation of testing and calibration laboratories, inspection bodies and radiology services.

International Electrotechnical Commission makes international standards in electrical and related disciplines.

International Electrotechnical Commission System for Conformity testing and Certification of Electrotechnical Equipment and Components. Known as the Certification Body Accreditation Scheme.

International Standards Organizations makes standards in a general range of disciplines.




Joint Accreditation System of Australia and New Zealand. JAS-ANZ is the accreditation body responsible in Australia and New Zealand for providing accreditation of conformity assessment bodies (CABs).



kilopascal. A unit of pressure.



Legislation Advisory Committee. The LAC helps improve the quality of law-making by attempting to ensure that legislation gives clear effect to government policy, ensuring that legislative proposals conform with the LAC Guidelines and discouraging the promotion of unnecessary legislation.


Liquefied Petroleum Gas. LPG is a flammable mixture of hydrocarbon gases used as a fuel in heating appliances and vehicles.


The LPG Association of New Zealand represents all major LPG companies in New Zealand.




Main earthing system
As defined in the Electricity (Safety) Regulations 2010, main earthing system means an earthing system of an installation that:

  1. operates at standard low voltage; and
  2. incorporates an earth electrode, an earthing conductor that is connected at that earth electrode, and a removable link within a MEN switchboard.

Mains work
As defined in the Electricity (Safety) Regulations 2010, mains work means any of the following:

  1. work on mains (including connecting the conductors of mains at a MEN switchboard):
  2. work on main earthing systems (including connecting the conductors of main earthing systems at a MEN switchboard):
  3. work on the connection between earth and neutral made by the removable link within the MEN switchboard closest to the point of supply.

It does not include:

  1. work on fittings that are used or intended for use by any person in, or in connection with, the generation of electricity for that person's use and not for supply to any other person; or
  2. work that is limited to removing or replacing the removable link within a MEN switchboard for the purposes of testing.

The Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. The purpose of MBIE is to be a catalyst for a high-performing economy to ensure New Zealand’s lasting prosperity and wellbeing. MBIE play a central role in shaping and delivering a strong New Zealand economy.

The Ministry of Economic Development. On the 1 July 2012, MED merged with three other government agencies to become the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment (MBIE). References to the Ministry of Economic Development should be read as the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment.

Multiple Earthed Neutral. As defined in the Electricity (Safety) Regulations 2010, it is the earthing system commonly used in New Zealand.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. MFAT represents New Zealand internationally.

Megajoules per hour. A unit of power or energy consumption.

Memorandum of Understanding. The MoU is a document describing a bilateral or multilateral agreement between parties.


Mutual Recognition Arrangement (or Agreement) between countries or economies New Zealand has MRAs with in a number of global trading partners. You can view these online at the MFAT website.




Non-Agricultural Market Access under WTO. A framework for negotiations of market access for goods under the WTO.

New Zealand Electrical Institute. A membership organisation with the aim of promoting electrical knowledge in all aspects of the electrical industry.

New Zealand Institution of Gas Engineers. NZIGE provides a forum for gas professionals.



Prescribed Electrical Work is work defined in Schedule 1 of the Electricity (Safety) Regulations 2010 that requires a registered competent person.


The Plumbers, Gasfitters & Drainlayers Board established under the PGD Act 2006 to regulate the competence of plumbers, gasfitters and drainlayers, and administer regulations and licensing systems.

A generic term for electrical and gas appliances and fittings.




Residual Current Device. A safety device that protects electrical circuits and appliances from electric shock hazards.

The Regulatory Compliance Mark is a mark that can be used on product that has been shown to meet the applicable regulatory requirements for the legal sale of products under electrical safety and electromagnetic legislation, both in New Zealand and Australia.

Radio Spectrum Management is responsible for the New Zealand Register of Radio Frequencies, licensing of radio transmitters, compliance and enforcement activities relating to radio licensing, equipment EMC requirements and radio frequency interference (RFI) investigations.

RSM provides the operational activities to give effect to the Radiocommunications Act 1989 and the supporting Radiocommunications Regulations 2001.



Supplier Declaration of Conformity (ESR).
A document signed by a New Zealand supplier or a New Zealand agent of an overseas manufacturer or supplier to certify that a product meets applicable standards and can be sold or offered for sale in New Zealand.
Supplier Declaration of Compliance (GSMR).
A document signed by a New Zealand manufacturer or a New Zealand agent of an overseas manufacturer to certify that a product meets applicable standards and can be sold or offered for sale in New Zealand.

Safety Management System. A certified system required under the Gas Act and Electricity Act for gas and electricity supply networks to manage public safety hazards.

Standards New Zealand is a business unit within the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment. Our business has established techniques and processes built from requirements under the Standards and Accreditation Act 2015, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Directive. We project manage the development of, edit, and publish standards, as well as sell New Zealand, joint Australia-New Zealand, and international standards.




Terajoule. A unit of energy.

Trans-Pacific Partnership, also known as the Trans-Pacific Strategic Economic Partnership Agreement.

Trans-Tasman Mutual Recognition Arrangement. The TTMRA facilitates trade between New Zealand and Australia. Details can be viewed on the Economic Development website.



Work is defined as: designing, constructing, manufacturing, assembling, installing, connecting, maintaining, testing, certifying, connecting, inspecting, using, managing.

Works (electricity)
In the Electricity Act, works means any fittings that are used, or designed or intended for use, in or in connection with the generation, conversion, transformation, or conveyance of electricity; but does not include any part of an electrical installation.

World Trade Organisation. The WTO is the global international organisation that deals with rules of trade between nations.

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Last updated 3 June 2016
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